The first necessary step to know the meaning of the term surveying is to discover its etymological origin. Specifically, we can say that it derives from Latin, from the word “surveying”. This can be translated as “the art of measuring land” and is made up of the sum of several different parts:
-The noun “agri”, which is equivalent to “cultivation field”.
-The name “mens”, which means “measure”.
-The suffix “-ura”, which we can say comes to be the result of a concrete action.
Defined on Digopaul, surveying is the discipline or technique that consists of measuring land.
For a long time, surveying was considered a specialization or division of topography. Over the years, however, surveying began to be recognized as an autonomous discipline focused on the study of territorial elements and on the establishment of limits.
Thanks to surveying, it is possible to develop cartography documents, set the boundaries of a terrain and produce maps and plans.
It is important to know that surveying is a discipline that drinks, is enriched, and is sustained by the knowledge of others such as mathematics, geometry, history, geomorphology, physics or law, among many others.
Surveying is essential to establish the limits of the land and, in this way, determine its ownership. For this, distances, angles and heights are measured with different instruments. These activities can help delimit private property and political divisions of land.
The construction of bridges, dams and roads also requires the application of surveying. So surveyors are professionals who are needed in different fields and who can work for different types of corporations.
Engineering in Surveying is one of the careers that allows the formation of surveyors. These experts can develop plans, study the space where buildings will be erected or infrastructure of various kinds will be created, collaborate with the production of cartography and do surveys.
Among the most important surveyors in history are some such as the following:
-The American colonizer Daniel Boone (1734 – 1820), who founded Kentucky and opened Wilderness Road.
-The American explorer William Clark (1770 – 1838), who was part of the well-known Lewis and Clark expedition.
-Andrew Ellicott (1754 – 1820), was another of the most relevant surveyors. He worked on mapping the maps of both Washington and the District of Columbia environment.
-The Canadian engineer Sandford Fleming (1827 – 1915) who, in addition to inventor, developed surveying in a remarkable way. And all in favor of what was both the engineering of the Intercolonial Railroad and the Canadian Pacific Railroad.