What is Kyphosis?
Kyphosis is the curvature of the spine that produces a hunched or hunched posture.
Kyphosis usually develops in the upper part of the vertical spine (dorsal kyphosis), but it is also possible that it develops in the cervical spine, specifically in the neck (cervical kyphosis), or in the lower back, in the lower part of the back (lumbar kyphosis).
The human spine presents four normal or natural curvatures: cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral but they become pathological when they are excessive, which causes the appearance of kyphosis. This can occur at any age and affect both men and women. There are different types:
- Scheuerman’s disease, suffered by adolescents and is a more pronounced kyphosis due to disorders of the growth of the vertebral bodies and the formation of cuneiform vertebrae.
- Congenital kyphosis, the spinal column develops abnormally while the baby is in the womb.
- Postural kyphosisoccurs when bones and muscles develop abnormally during growth due to improper postures.
On the other hand, hyperkyphosis is characterized by being a disease where the vertical spine curves at 45 degrees or more and loses part or all of its ability to move inward.
Causes of kyphosis
Kyphosis can be caused by some of the following causes:
- Sliding one vertebra forward over another, known as spondylolisthesis.
- Muscular dystrophy.
- Spina bifida.
- Degenerative diseases of the spine, such as osteoporosis or arthritis.
- Disc herniation.
The individual with kyphosis has some of the following symptoms:
- Back pain that manifests with movement.
- Chest pain causing difficulty breathing.
- Curved back.
- Stiffness in the spine.
The application of the treatment depends on the type of kyphosis that the patient suffers, being an option the taking of analgesics, the use of a brace, physical therapy, weight loss, exercises to correct posture, among others. Surgery in the event of neurological symptoms or persistent pain is also seen as an option for kyphosis.