Vegetables and fruits for babies, which will be the most suitable? What is the best time to introduce them? There are a few precautions to take? Learn more.
There are questions about the vegetables and fruits for infants and for when and how they should be introduced, as well as questions related to the introduction of another type of food.
This article aims to clarify and help in some of these aspects, specifically on the introduction of vegetables and fruit for babies.
INTRODUCTION OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES FOR BABIES: VEGETABLES
Vegetables are essential to a balanced diet and healthy, being extremely rich in vitamins and minerals, as well as in fiber.
In this way, it makes sense to include them early on in the feeding of infants.
WHEN YOU ENTER THE VEGETABLES?
The beginning of the diversification of food is the ideal time to introduce vegetables in the diet of the child. It is increasingly common to start this process by the “cream” of vegetables (or mashed) instead of the porridge from cereals.
The WHO recommendations state that the beginning of the diversification of food start at 6 months of age, but this can vary from baby to baby, so that the ideal is to seek the advice of the Pediatrician about the best time to do so.
THE FIRST VEGETABLES
Normally, the first vegetables to introduce are the pumpkin or the carrot, followed by potatoes (which is a tuber and not a vegetable) – start for these vegetables makes the soup has a flavor more sweet and a softer consistency.
Foods such as onions and garlic can be beneficial to promote the taste of the soup of the baby, it is ideal to begin by small doses, such as a slice of onion and a clove of garlic.
Progressively, other vegetables may be introduced, being that the vegetables of lighter color are best for the first options since they are more tender and easier to digest. Examples of vegetables that can be progressively introduced are the French garlic, lettuce, cabbage-white, curgete, broccoli, green beans, chayote.
VEGETABLES RAW OR COOKED?
Due to the fact that the baby is still developing chewing and swallowing (and power choke) and also to the immaturity of their immune system, vegetables/root vegetables should always be cooked.
Initially, the vegetables should be very well cooked in water without added salt, crushed until you get a smooth consistency. After the 7 months may also be introduced into steamed vegetables, such as broccoli and carrots.
The vegetables should be cooked, but the consistency of the soup should be creamy, passing progressively for texture more thick, and finally to small pieces.
These pieces can be included in the soup, the main dish as an accompaniment or data to the baby so she can eat on hand between meals.
If you want to offer raw food to the baby you choose as well, after the 7th month, by pieces of fruit, ripe and peeled, that already have a texture soft and smooth, as for example the banana.
INTRODUCTION OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES FOR BABIES: FRUITS
After the introduction of the cream of vegetables in the diet of the baby, comes the turn of the fruit.
Fruits are another group of foods rich in vitaminais, minerals, water and fibre, which are generally well accepted by infants, in a large part by its sweet taste.
WHEN YOU ENTER THE FRUIT?
Depending on the recommendations of the pediatrician, you can start offering fruit in the 6th or in the 7th month.
The consumption of the fruit adds a high nutritional value to the meals of the baby. Rich in vitamins, minerals and fibre, fruit is the ideal complement to meals.
THE FIRST FRUITS
The fruits that typically offer initially are bananas, ripe and smashed, the apple and pear (peeled, boiled and mashed) offered to the spoon.
At the end of a few weeks, can offer-tropical fruits such as papaya, pear, avocado and mango.
The likeness of the vegetables, you should try a fruit at a time to be able to more easily identify any that may cause allergic reaction in the baby at the same time, that promotes the training of the palate.
FRUITS TO AVOID AT THE BEGINNING
Traditionally it is advised to avoid fruits are potentially allergenic such as strawberry, blackberry, or kiwi.
However, the new rules of the World Health Organization indicate to the fact that there is no evidence that delaying introduction of these foods to reduce or avoid possible allergic reactions.
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