Castrate the bitch is, currently, a common practice due to the numerous benefits that it brings. We ought, therefore, to know all the aspects surrounding it, such as the control of reproduction, when to castrate, to take care and what are the diseases that they prevent, and others that boost with neutering. Learn everything in this article.
Castrate the bitch is something that increasingly is part of a detention the officer responsible for the part of the owner. However, in spite of being a technique already very practiced, you may want to know some concepts to make a well-informed decision.
REPRODUCTIVE CYCLE OF THE BITCH
The castration of a dog is called ovariohisterectomia, which consists in the surgical removal of the uterus and the two ovaries. The procedure usually involves general anesthesia and is done through an incision in the abdomen and later removal of the uterus and ovaries.
Through this intervention, the dog reduces the sex hormones in circulation, as is the case of environmental estrogens.
It is different from the paint coating of the tubes, since this technique does not prevent the bitch between the cio, it will only prevent the passage of the egg and preventing fertilization in case there is mating. The production of hormones which maintain themselves, so they do not get the medical benefits of castration.
CASTRATE THE BITCH: THE PROS OF THIS INTERVENTION
1. CONTROL THE REPRODUCTIVE
The growing population of stray animals is a considerable problem to take into account.
Through the sterilization of female dogs, these fail to cycle and therefore cannot reproduce. This is a very important factor to take into account because many owners are not prepared to encounter a few more how many dogs of a litter of unwanted, and it is a cycle that perpetuates itself.
Starting with only a dog and a dog is not spayed or neutered, if they reproduce annually and if all the dogs from his litter to reproduce and thus subsequently , at the end of six years it is estimated that it can reach up to 50 000 dogs.
2. PREVENTION OF CERTAIN DISEASES
Another of the great advantages of castrating the bitch is in the prevention of certain diseases, mainly associated to the reproductive tract such as the uterus, the ovaries and the mammary gland.
- Neoplasm, mammary
The dog is the domestic species most affected by neoplasia mammary, with a rate that is about three times higher than that found in women. Half of the tumors of female dogs are breast, and approximately 40% are malignant. Its cause is unknown, but it is known that hormones have an important role in its development.
There are various therapies, including surgery and treatment, anti-carcinogenic, but your recovery is very variable and the risk of disease is greatly reduced with the ovariohisterectomia.
It is a bacterial infection of the uterus due to hormonal changes in bitches not castrated.
Happens mainly in females above five years of age about four to six weeks after the cio. Can occur due to the administration of the pill.
The clinical signs can develop quickly and most advised is to remove the uterus and ovaries.
- Difficulties in childbirth
A difficult birth, called distócia, should also be part of the reasons why if you want to spay the bitch because in the case of this have a litter due to an oversight, in addition to those dogs that have not been planned, can exist in the delivery difficulties that put at risk both the dogs as their own bitch.
CASTRATE THE BITCH: CONS OF THIS INTERVENTION
1. EXCESS WEIGHT
Castrate the bitch can induce a slight change in metabolism, causing their energy needs are smaller than before. However, if they are taken into account the care needed as to provide them with a proper diet and keep them active, there is no reason for it to become fat and lazy.
2. RISK ASSOCIATED WITH THE SURGERY
Castration is always a surgical intervention with anesthesia, and as such always has an associated risk. However, the veterinarian evaluates this risk prior to surgery, and performs all the necessary procedures so that the risk is the lowest possible.
3. DECIDING WHEN TO CASTRATE
The time most suitable for the realization of the castration has been the focus of some questions as well as one of the first questions of the owners.
There are those who argue that it should be before the first heat because in this way the risk of developing neoplasia mammary decreases to about 0.5 % of the risk of female dogs no castrated. When to spay after the first heat, the risk jumps to about 8% of females not castrated. It is considered that when they are castrated only after the second heat, then the risk of developing neoplasia breast is the same as the bitches not castrated.
However, there are those who argue that if the dogs are castrated before their first heat, it is necessary to take into account an increased risk of these develop cancers of the bones, hip dysplasia (because of the delay in ossification), as well as the risk of urinary incontinence because the hormones are necessary for the proper development of the sphincter of the bladder.
TAKING CARE OF THE CASTRATION OF THE BITCH
The vet doctor that will castrate the dog will certainly indicate all the care before and after surgery.
In the days after surgery should follow the medication that is prescribed, provide to your dog a comfortable space, clean and protected, prevent that it be able to run and jump a lot in the 10 days following, and inspect the suture, making sure that she does not lick or that is infecting and possibly put a paste isabelline.
The neutering of female dogs is a common procedure in which, in general, the benefits outweigh its disadvantages. However, this should always be discussed with the veterinarian about if it suits or not your dog in particular.
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