It is the act of feeding the baby with breast milk, coming directly from the breast, it should be exclusive during the first 6 months of the baby’s life.
MATERNAL MILK COMPOSITION
- Mineral salts
- In addition to incorporating other substances such as antibodies and white blood cells
PHASES OF DAIRY PRODUCTION
1.Colosis: Secreted in the immediate postpartum to about one week, characterized by a thick yellowish fluid, rich in proteins and with lower lactose and fat content than mature milk, it has about 67 kcal for every 100 ml And a volume of 2 to 20ml per feeding. Rich in vitamins A and E, carotenoids and immunoglobulins provides protection against viruses and bacteria for the baby and allows it to free meconium, its first stool. It also has a bifid factor, responsible for the growth of the intestinal microbite and the presence of Lactobacillus bifidus.
- Transitional leg:from the 7th to the 14th day of puerperium, it presents volume increase and stabilization of its composition.
- Mature Milk:Its composition varies during lactation and contains, in addition to vitamins A, D and B6, calcium, iron and zinc.
Mothers of preterm newborns (<37 wk) contain more proteins and lipids and less lactose, in addition to higher levels of lactoferrin and IgA.
Regarding maternal nutrients, proteins are classified into casein and serum proteins, synthesized by the mammary gland and albumin, enzymes and hormones from the plasma. There is no evidence that body composition or maternal eating habits influence the concentration of human milk proteins, even in malnourished women.
The main source of breast milk energy is fats, mainly Triglycerides (98%). In this case, the type of lipid consumed by the mother and her body fat stores directly influence the fatty acid composition of breast milk, except for cholesterol.
The main carbohydrate is lactose (about 70g per liter). It is fundamental in the absorption of minerals such as calcium and iron and its concentration does not seem to be influenced by the maternal diet.
The minerals present in milk (Ca, Fe, Zn, Cu, etc.) are highly bioavailable compared to cow’s milk or infant formulas. Her concentration is not affected by the mother’s feeding. The vitamins A, D, E, K, C and B complex have their concentration directly influenced by the maternal diet, hence the importance of a varied and balanced diet.
Finally, there is no doubt that breast milk is the ideal food for the newborn, exclusive until the 6th month and complemented up to 2 years.
BREASTFEEDING PROTECTS CHILDREN FROM:
ADVANTAGES OF BREASTFEEDING
1- ADVANTAGES OF BREASTFEEDING FOR THE BABY
Ü It improves the mental development of the baby;
U It is more easily digested;
Ü Breastfeeding promotes the establishment of a very strong and early emotional bond between mother and child, technically referred to as affective bonding. It is now known that a strong affective bond facilitates the development of the child and his / her relationship with other people;
Ü Breastfeeding improves the formation of the mouth and the alignment of the teeth.
2 – ADVANTAGES OF BREASTFEEDING FOR MOTHER
- Practical way to feed the child.
- Female achievement.
- It is a right and not an obligation.
- Protection against anemia.
- Return to previous faster physical state.
- Lower rate of breast cancer.
- Contraceptive effect.
- Protection by legislation
3- FAMILY AND SOCIETY SLEEP ADVANTAGES
- Breastfeeding is more economical for the family.
- Simply multiply the price of a can of powdered milk by the number of cans needed throughout the child’s life, and add the money spent on baby bottles, spouts, sterilizers, and electric energy.
- Less spent on diseases.
- Fewer undernourished children.
- Fewer deaths.
MYTHS AND QUESTIONS ON BREASTFEEDING
– Black beer, canjica, canja, English water increase the amount of breast milk production?
The amount of milk produced is regulated by the pituitary gland. It is important that the mother consume sufficient amount of fluids, preferably water and maintain a balanced diet. The consumption of alcoholic beverages is absolutely forbidden.
– What is exclusive breastfeeding?
Exclusive breastfeeding is when the baby is offered only breast milk as a source of food and drink. And no bottles, nozzles and pacifiers are used.
– How long should I keep breastfeeding exclusive?
The minimum time for exclusive breastfeeding is 6 months. This period was established through research and studies with mothers and babies. After the baby’s 6 months of life, other foods such as juices, kneaded fruits and vegetable chips begin to be introduced.
“Colostrum is not the same as milk, so can I despise colostrum?”
Do not scorn the colostrum. According to ruizesola, colostrum is rich in immune substances and proteins, being a natural vaccine for the baby, in addition to being nutritious.
” Can not my milk be strong enough?”
No! Mother’s milk is actually suited to the baby’s needs. Weak milk exists only in extreme situations such as in the case of deep malnutrition of the mother.
– What is free breastfeeding?
Free breastfeeding consists simply of offering the breast to the baby when the baby demonstrates the need, usually this happens every 3 hours, but if the interval between the offers is a shorter interval does not mean that the milk does not Is being good enough. It may mean, for example, that the baby’s gastric capacity (stomach space) is still too small to suck enough milk for 3 hours apart.
“When it’s too hot can I give the baby a swig?”
It is not necessary to give water to the baby. It is especially prohibited to use bottles. In case of medication administration these should be offered to the baby through a disposable cup of coffee or a spoon. The use of silicone nipples, pacifiers, baby bottles and swabs in the long term damage the child’s dental development and in the short term cause the baby to lose interest in the mother’s beak and thus stop breastfeeding.
“If the baby belches dry milk in his mother’s chest?”
There is no problem in burping baby on your breast. The milk will not dry out because of this. The most common reason for milk to dry is the lack of stimulation, which consists of the simple act of sucking by the baby.
– The beak of my chest is inside, so I can not breastfeed?
All healthy women can breastfeed, regardless of the type of breast beak. Many women believe that suctioning is done through the nipple. But, this information is wrong. What stimulates the output of milk is when the baby sucks the areola from the breast and then the milk comes out through the beak of the breast. There is no problem if the beak is flat, protruding or inverted (inwardly), as there is no correlation in the size of the sinus.
– If the nipple is cracked or bruised, or do I have the milk stoned I should stop breastfeeding?
No, cracks and bruises on the nipple arising from breastfeeding are not harmful to the baby. One practical way to avoid cracks and future bruises on the breast tip is to empty the breast a little before the baby begins to suckle, this helps the baby handle correctly. As a general rule do not stop exclusive breastfeeding until your baby is six months old.
– Can the baby nurse on the chest of another person who is known or from the same family?
No, never, never should your baby suck on someone else’s chest. And never breastfeed a baby that is not yours! What may happen is that you are a donor or user of a breast milk bank set up in a hospital where the mothers’ milk is pasteurized, examined and stored correctly.
” The woman who does plastic surgery on her breasts can not breastfeed.
It is not true. Silicone implants are usually made behind the breast tissue or even below the pectoral muscles and preserve the connections of the mammary glands with thenipples , allowing for breastfeeding . However, very bulky prostheses or breast reduction surgeries, which involve a partial withdrawal of the gland , may make it somewhat difficult, but not prevent breastfeeding .
– Breastfeeding gets fatter
It is not true. There are women who even lose weight at this stage. The breastfeeding woman spends more calories than she normally would, contributing to “getting in shape” more quickly after giving birth.
– Women who have large breasts produce more milk than those with small breasts
It is not true. The size of the breasts depends on the fatty tissue , not the mammary glands, which are present in approximately the same amount in all the women
Nursing Bras for Small Busted Women
Cotton Breast Feeding Maternity Bra Nursing Bra for …
Breastfeeding in England: The Most Comfortable Maternity …
2015 Moms’ Picks: Best nursing bras
Women Maternity Bra Nursing Bras Underwear Pregnant …
Pregnant Women Maternity Bra Nursing Bras Underwear …
Women Wire Free Nursing Bra Maternity Breastfeeding …
HOTMilk Luminous Nursing Bra, Champagne
Elomi Molded Nursing Bra EL3912 at BareNecessities.com
Aliexpress.com : Buy New Pregnant Women Nursing Bra …
Pregnant Women Bra Underwear Maternity Breastfeeding …
New Seamless nursing maternity bra Breastfeeding removable …
Comfortable nursing bras
Breastfeeding Padded Underwire Nursing Bra with Full Sing …
Aliexpress.com : Buy 2016 Cotton Breast Feeding Bra Push …
Pregnant Women Bra Feeding Bras Underwear Maternity …
WEIXINBUY Cotton Wire Free Maternity Bra Tops …
Women Wire Free Nursing Bra Maternity Breastfeeding …