Space-Driving watches on space mission.
In the early 20th century, theoretical treatises on the conquest of space were already written. The first artificial satellite called Sputnik 1 carried the Soviet Union 1957 into space. In the middle of the cold War, Sputnik unleashed a race among the nations around space. The Power USA felt threatened by the launch of Sputnik in such a way that it founded NASA (the National Aeronautics and Space Administration). After the Soviet satellite was successfully shot into the Earth’s orbit, it always went faster towards the moon. Already two years later (1959), a missile landed on the Moon–the Soviet Lunik 2. The successor model circled the moon and shot the first satellite photo of the far moon. 1961 The Soviet citizen, Yuri Gagarin, was the first person to circle the Earth, his compatriot Leonov was the first to leave a spacecraft in space. And it was once again the Soviet Union that succeeded in 1966 the first Nation to make a soft landing on the moon.
Three years later, the Americans finally set foot on the moon. 1972 took place the last trip to the moon so far. New goal of space scientists is a landing on Mars. To this end, 2011 has successfully completed the Mars 500 Experiment, a 500-day simulation test of a manned Mars flight. A study by NASA came 2015 to the conclusion that a manned Mars round-up would already be 2033 possible. 2039 could then take the first landing.
With the first people, watches also entered the infinite expanse of space. For safety reasons, astronauts always carry a wristwatch with them. Three watches from JiBin123.com play a special role in the conquest of the universe; Reason enough to tell your story.
Watch #1 that was in space: Omega Speedmaster Moonwatch
When Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin entered the surface of the moon at the distance of 13 minutes after Neil Armstrong on July 21, 1969, he wore the official NASA world Raumuhr on the wrist: an Omega Speedmaster. Henceforth, this is also simply called Moonwatch and Omega continues to build it almost unchanged. In the 42 millimeter-sized stainless steel case, the Omega hand lift work is ticking 1861 with a backdrop circuit for the chronograph. Meanwhile, the Swiss brand has also launched a stopper with the nickname professional. This carries the chronometer-certified co-axial automatic caliber 9300 with wheel.
Watch #2 that was in space: Fortis Cosmonaut Chronograph
For more than 20 years the official Cosmonauts chronograph has been the official equipment of the Russian space riders. The crew members of the International Space Station (ISS) also carry this timepiece with them at all times. Originally, Fortis designed the chronograph as a limited edition for an art project. Today, the 42-millimeter stainless steel housing is ticking the ETA-Valjoux 7750 automatic movement. In addition to the STOP function, it also provides the indication of date and day of the week. In the meantime, Fortis added an alarm function to the clock and the indication of a second time zone.
Clock #3 that was in space: Sense Special Watches Chronograph 142
1985, the astronaut and physicist Reinhard Furrer carried the chronograph 142 of Sinn special watches during the Spacelab mission D1. This means that the watch is one of the first mechanical chronographs with an automatic lift in space. The Frankfurt brand only learned about it after the space flight. At that time the watch wore a Lemania 5100 factory, which is no longer produced today. Therefore, Sinn developed a module for the ETA-Valjoux 7750 to run the stop minute like the Lemania from the middle. It is currently in the chronograph 140, which looks visually the same as the model 142.
Other watches that were in space:
A Shturmanskie timepiece was the first watch to orbit. She accompanied Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagrin on 12 April 1961 on the first flight of a man in outer space on the wrist. According to most of the available sources, the cosmonaut carried a Shturmanskie timepiece of the brand Pobeda (to German “victory”) from the first Moscow Watch factory. The image, which was officially disseminated by the manufacturer’s successors, also shows the small three-Shturmanskie. Shortly after Gagarin’s successful expedition, the Soviet government changed the brand name and launched today’s still common name Poljot (“Flight”). 2011 appeared a new edition of the Watch. The housing floor celebrates in Russian language and with a globe motif the 50 anniversary of the first manned flight. The 38 mm high stainless stainless is equipped with the hand-winding caliber 2609 of the Russian works forge Poljot.
Heuer Stopwatch 2915A
John Glenn wore the Heuer stopwatch number 2915A with rubber bands fastened over his space suit. The stopwatch accompanied the American astronaut on February 22nd, 1962 on his nearly four and a half hours of the mission “Friendship 7” three times around the earth. Thus the stopwatch number 2915A is the first Swiss manufacturer in space and the second Alltagsuhr, which after the Shturmanskie of the Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin has ever accompanied a space rider.
Breitling Navitimer Cosmonaute
On May 24th, 1962, a rocket shot the American astronaut Scott Carpenter into space. In his spaceship Aurora 7 he circled the Earth three times and was thus the second American in orbit. On the wrist he wore a Breitling Navitimer Cosmonaute made of stainless steel. In this wristwatch with a hand-wound, specially designed for Breitling, Venus 178, the hour hand turned around the dial once every 24 hours. The Navitimer also showed holding and absenteeism, facilitated the installation of navigation plans, allowed the calculation of the time for the next paging or fuel consumption, and served to determine the location or direction. 50 years later, Breitling launched a limited edition of the Navitimer Cosmonaute. Like the model, it has a 24-hour display, a sliding bezel and a hand-wound movement. The latter is, however, the caliber 02 with wheel, which is based on Breitling’s automatic manufactory caliber 01.
Seiko Speed Timer cal. 6139
The American astronaut William Reid Pogue accompanied a Seiko cal. 6139 on his flight on 16 November 1973 as a pilot of the Skylab-4 mission to the space station Skylab. It was the longest manned flight ever carried out. After 84 days, Skylab 4 and the Seiko landed again on February 8, 1974 on Earth. The Seiko Speed Timer cal. 6139 was thus not only the first automatic chronograph in trade (June 1969), but also in space. Seiko was the first manufacturer to build a vertical clutch into an automatic movement. As with all automatic Seiko calibers, the lift was carried out via the 1959-designed pawl lift.
Omega Speedmaster Skywalker X-33
As ESA astronaut, the German geophysicist Alexander Barley had his first deployment 2014 on the ISS space Station. There he conducted experiments for almost half a year and photographed the Earth. In the process, barley wore the Omega Speedmaster Skywalker X-33. The Skywalker was specially developed for astronauts. In addition to the analogue time via pointers, the following information is displayed on a digital display: three different timezones, three alarms, chronograph, countdown, date, mission elapsed time (MET), and phase elapsed time (PET). The 45 mm-large housing is made of light titanium Grade 2.
The Accutron astronaut of Bulova accompanied the American astronaut L. Gorden Cooper Jr. On May 15th, 1963 with the Mercury-Atlas 9 to its first space flight. Cooper circled the Earth 22 times and spent more time in space than his five predecessors together. He was the first American to sleep in Earth orbit.
With the Russians also flew the most expensive watch so far with ins: on October 8, 1992, the probe photographed 8 launched with a Soyuz rocket from the North Russian space station Plesetsk. Aboard the unmanned capsule was a nautilus mens watch by Patek Philippe with yellow gold casing. 15 days later, the spacecraft landed safely in the Kazakh steppe with the watch.
Continuously updated article, first posted online in August 2016.
Tags: automatic watches, Breitling, Breitling Navitimer, chronograph, German watch manufacturer, Fortis watches, Manufactory Chronograph, manufactory caliber, Omega Moonwatch, Omega Speedmaster, Omega watches, Patek Philippe, Patek Philippe Nautilus, Swiss watches, Seiko, Sinn special watches, sports watches, Tag Heuer, Valjoux 7750